For centuries, the horse was a friend of Georgian warriors and peasants and accompanied people in travel, struggle and labor. Horses are found in the history of Georgia and in many texts or descriptions of war they are mentioned as one of the best means of transport. Many foreign travelers of the 19th century also wrote about the quality of horses in Georgia. Georgian and Caucasian horses in general were strong, had a small body and did not require special care. That is why, during the Second World War, when all countries were obliged to send their horses to the battlefield, the best horses were sent from Georgia as well. This was the beginning of the disappearance of centuries-old tradition and culture. At the same time, unfortunately, over time, the popularity of the horse riding in Georgia has decreased. Consequently, Georgians could not preserve the breed and it became almost completely extinct.
Horses used for tourism should be calm and if not, they should be trained. That is why they are mostly very quiet. It is also said that, in general, the horse feels how experienced the rider is and behaves accordingly. Each of them have their own characters, they make friends with each other, get to know the rider and express emotions. The characteristics of the horse is of great importance when choosing them to use them for horse tourism. The horse should not strain the traveler and should allow them to feel comfortable.
Although the interest in equestrian tourism has been growing in recent years, there is still a lack of equestrian tour guides. Just a few years ago, this profession was considered neither promising nor profitable. Therefore, there is no space in Georgia where those interested in the industry can get education. Being a tour guide is not just riding a horse and taking care of them, it requires knowledge of planning the right routes, purchasing and maintaining the equipment, arranging infrastructure, organizing tours and interacting with travelers. In addition, it is important that the industry develops in the right direction so that it does not harm locals and meets the tourists’ expectations as well.
Equestrian tourism is a part of eco and rural tourism and is especially good for nature. This activity does not pollute the environment, does not require intensive use of resources and, therefore, is essential for the development of sustainable and responsible tourism. Strengthening this direction in the tourism sector has a positive effect on both the environment and people interested in horseback riding, and a source of additional interesting activity for tourists visiting the country.